Many businesses around the world have advocated for going all-in on sustainability, but IKEA has been at the forefront of this, with ambitious targets set for the near future. Operationally, they have switched all their lighting to energy-efficient LEDs, as well as sourcing all their cotton from renewable sources. However, that’s only the tip of the iceberg. IKEA are striving towards 100% renewable energy. As their video mentions, they have installed over 250,000 solar panels that have helped power their operations (at a cost of €2.1Bn) and have also been heavy investors in wind energy. In 2014, IKEA purchased a 165-megawatt wind farm in Texas, which will bring its American power production from wind to the equivalent of 90,000 households.
IKEA have encompassed their environmental attitude in a project called Live Lagom, a simple Swedish philosophy that means ‘just the right amount’. This has in mind that we can have a healthy balance with the world around us without having to make any extreme changes and without denying ourselves anything. The project strives to help people make easy changes in their lifestyles to have a positive impact on the environment.
Just like IKEA, Unilever are a business that has sustainability at heart. They are very transparent, and accept that their environmental impact per consumer has risen by around 6% since 2010 (source). However, they have had many successes. They have seen a 39% reduction of CO2 per tonne of produce since 2008, and aim to eliminate coal from their energy grid and source their electricity from renewable sources instead. Unilever also have plans to reduce their impact through water use and waste produced, eliminating non-hazardous waste that goes to landfill.
Their short advertisement touches on their sustainable living plan, outlining a future where no animals are endangered and we are all able to sustainably produce our own food. As they say, businesses have a big part to play, as do all of us as individuals.
The LEGO Group have in the past have had quite a focus on sustainability. They have recently invested 1Bn DKK (Danish Kroner) in their search for sustainable materials. However, this did not deter Greenpeace from producing their second-most viewed video ever. The video is quick to bring tears to eyes, shedding light on the harsh reality that is the oil industry and its effects on our world. The video shows people, houses, polar bears, dogs and many others being drowned in a thick sludge, what we can only assume to be a representation of an oil spill. This moving advertisement is a call from Greenpeace for the LEGO Group to end their partnership with Oil Giant Shell. Alas, the campaign worked. Lego announced in October 2014 they would end their partnership with Shell, only demonstrating the power of advertising.
The Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was coined by John Elkington, a serial entrepreneur, in 1994. It refers to a piece of framework with three components – ecological, financial and social – that has been taken on by several organisations looking to evaluate their performance to create greater business value. The framework aims to assign value to the ecological and social aspects, which are usually challenging to be given appropriate manners of measurement, especially when it comes to financial measurement.
It may already be apparent that measuring the TBL is a feat in itself, as profits are measured in hard currency, but social capital and environmental gain have nothing similar. There is, of course, the option to assign value to a forest or a park, but this comes with a range of issues. Equally, another solution is to calculate the TBL as an index, and allows for easy comparisons between different items. The issue here is the weighting, as each aspect of the TBL may get different weighting assigned to it.
Issues aside, the TBL incorporates the following aspects, split into their respective ecological, financial and social brackets:
|Sulphur dioxide concentration||Personal income||Unemployment rate|
|Concentration of nitrogen oxides||Cost of underemployment||Female labor force participation rate|
|Selected priority pollutants||Establishment churn||Median household income|
|Excessive nutrients||Establishment sizes||Relative poverty|
|Electricity consumption||Job growth||Percentage of population with a post-secondary degree or certificate|
|Fossil fuel consumption||Employment distribution by sector||Average commute time|
|Solid waste management||Percentage of firms in each sector||Violent crimes per capita|
|Hazardous waste management||Revenue by sector contributing to gross state product||Health-adjusted life expectancy|
|Change in land use/land cover|
It may be hard to recognize why something like the TBL is important, but it is, in reality, crucial. Enabling businesses to implement the TBL can boost both profitability and sustainability, without compromising either. For example, developing ecotourism in an existing tourism market, such as South America, can have social, environmental and economic benefits with no hindrances. Moreover, though quite cynical, implementing the TBL makes for fantastic public relations, which in turn can yield indirect profit.
Besides profit, TBL can be used by businesses to demonstrate the wider value they provide by fulfilling in socially responsible activities. Businesses no longer provide just a product – they provide a brand people can associate with and feel represented by. Hence, consumers will often prefer to support a business that engages in responsible activities, be they outside of the workplace by directly volunteering on a sustainability project, or simply by reducing their water and power usage in their factories, for example.
What is it?
Carbon offsetting can be a hard idea to come round to, but is in reality quite a simple concept. Schemes allow individuals and companies to make a financial contribution to environmentally friendly projects around the world to stabilise their own emissions, be it from travel, day-to-day energy use or material consumption. These may take shape in a variety of forms, including the deployment of clean energy technologies, purchasing carbon credits and tearing them up, or, in a more direct application, planting trees to soak up CO2 in the atmosphere. The costs vary, but will usually equate to around £8 per tonne of carbon offset. For example, a flight from London to Sydney would produce around 2.64 tonnes of CO2 per passenger, so would cost around £22 to offset.
Why is it done?
Carbon offsetting may seem like an unnecessary cost to a holiday or business, but it’s a simple, effective and cost-efficient to lessen our negative impact on the world. Our carbon emissions from fossil fuels alone have risen substantially since the beginning of the 20th century, with the warming effects visible now and in the future. However, the positive effects of carbon offsetting are not only environmental. Several governments around the world have introduced incentives for companies to reduce their carbon emissions. The UK government, for example, offers tax relief on the Climate Change Levy (CCL) if steps are taken towards reducing emissions by entering a Climate Change Agreement (CCA) with the Environment Agency.
KLM, the Dutch Airline, have taken it into their own hands and have developed a comprehensive scheme to offset the emissions from their flights. They have partnered with a Ghanaian enterprise that has developed a special coalpot which is 40% more efficient than its traditional counterparts, resulting in annual savings of around 300,000 tonnes of carbon emissions each year. This has also curbed deforestation, as less coal is needed to fuel the stoves.
This shows how carbon offsetting has changed from just planting trees, which has a short-term effect. Carbon offsetting has moved to more innovative solutions, helping people offset their carbon in ways that will change their lives and their carbon output in the long term.
You can also look to reduce your footprint on the world. Think about it next time you travel or turn the heating on, as there could be a cost-efficient way to reduce your impact on the world. If you would like to find out more about your or your organisation’s emissions, please get in touch via our contact us page.
Sustainability has become a big part of the agenda for companies, governments and individuals alike. Anthropogenic climate change is now a global issue, and it is up to all of us to try and be aware of what we’re doing and how we can avoid contributing to this potential disaster in the future. As with many things, tech – in the form of apps –can help. Without further ado we present 4 really useful apps to help you in your path to sustainability.
JouleBug has lately received a lot of praise, with an overwhelming number of positive responses on the Google Play store. Available also for iPhone devices, JouleBug allows you to track your everyday habits and make small changes to make your actions more sustainable. The app is gamified, meaning you can get points for every positive action you do. Did you cycle instead of driving? 16 points in the bag. Did you use a reusable mug for your cup of tea? That’s an extra 5 points. Moreover, the app can sync to your utilities, allowing it to track any reductions you may possibly be making and giving you credit for doing so. With claims of the app saving around £160 per year, it’s both a financial and environmental incentive to get started.
This may seem like an odd choice to be grouped as a sustainability app, but it is genuinely helpful when it comes to reducing emissions, particularly during rush hour. As you slow down and wait in traffic, your car is still emitting noxious fumes from its exhaust, making your emission tally significantly higher than it would be from a speedier journey. Waze tries to avoid this, giving drivers live updates on traffic times and alternate routes. These are all fuelled by the community, as Waze uses data from other drivers to keep you informed as to which route is best. Waze is completely free, and can help you save money in the long run as you burn less fuel. It’ll also mean you can get home quicker after work, and certainly with less road-rage!
As you may have heard, Nest is a smart thermostat that keeps your home at a comfortable temperature, all controlled from your phone, tablet or watch. The thermostat is also intelligent, learning from your behaviour and knowing when to turn itself off and on. When it comes to saving energy, this app is great. Instead of keeping your empty home warm all day, you can use the app to turn the heating on just before you arrive, saving you countless hours of wasted energy. To use the app, you need to have the Nest thermostat (hardware) installed in your home –but it’s certainly worth it. Energy (and financial) loss through heating is the main use of energy in homes in the UK, so any technology to help you with this is bound to come in handy.
Having an urban garden is beneficial in more ways than you could imagine. Most urban gardening systems offer considerable water, energy and space savings compared to traditional systems, which use plenty of land and energy to allow for their mechanisation. Furthermore, they allow you to grow your own food organically and for negligible cost, as once you’ve got your setup ready all you’ll need is seeds, soil and water. You don’t even need fertilizer, as you can use organic matter from your vegetables for compost!
GrowVeg is an app that makes the process of having a vegetable garden at home incredibly easy. The app allows you to keep track of where all your crops are, keep a text and photo journal and give you reminders via email. The app will also warn you on where and when to avoid planting vegetables and give you access to a gardening community where you can ask questions, seek advice and help others in their home gardening experience.
The technology is now available to make us much more eco-friendly beings. From producing your own food to reducing your emissions, there are many things you can do, incentivized by apps to keep track of what you’re doing and get others to follow suit. On top of small personal changes you can make, understanding your businesses carbon footprint can make a huge difference. If you want to know more, please get in touch with us at firstname.lastname@example.org
As businesses become increasingly more aware of the requirements consumers demand for sustainability, so does the community around ensuring the topic is front and centre of discussions in 2017. As there are some great sustainability events in 2017, we’ve compiled a varied list of some upcoming interesting events and conferences for businesses and individuals alike.
One day Conference – 27th April 2017 #thebiggreenconference
It is designed to build a programme of learning and networking, coupled with the introduction of products and technologies in support of energy, recycling, waste and general environmental management efficiency.
Keynote speaker: Ken Webster Head of Innovation at Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s Circular Economy. He will be speaking about the subject of the circular economy.
Philip Duddell, Director of Sustainable Procurement Limited. Philip will discuss how the surround procurement actions and the monitoring of relevant outcomes link to the transition to a circular economy and practical measures that procurers and suppliers can take.
Josh Fothergill, Policy Lead at the Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA). He will be speaking about integrating the Circular Economy in organisations, based on his experiences developing the forthcoming standard BS8001, due to launch in May 2017.
Date and Time: Thu 27 April 2017. 09:30 – 16:30
‘Leading a Sustainable Future’ – Responsible Business Week Conference 2017
As part of Responsible Business Week 2017, the University of Portsmouth Business School and Business in the Community (BiTC) are working together to provide local employers with an opportunity to explore latest thinking, share best practice, and find solutions to some of the challenges currently facing business and society.
Keynote speaker: Mark Smith, CEO of The Southern Co Operative. Mark, a member of the BiTC Advisory Board for the South East, has been actively involved in driving the agenda for companies to engage with education in the region, and will share his thoughts on how to lead a responsible business.
Date and time: Thu 27 April 2017, 16:30 – 20:30
A cool idea that’s being started up by University of Stirling in Scotland. “The Conversation…” is a chance to hear from some of the country’s most interesting people, and put your questions to them as part of the audience. The first one is with Terry A’Hearn, Chief Executive of SEPA – the Scottish Environment Protection Agency.
He will be talking about his 20+ years’ experience in the environment profession, having worked in Melbourne with the Environment Protection Authority, in London with the global consulting firm WSP and in Belfast as Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland Environment Agency before joining SEPA in 2015.
Date and time: Wed, March 22, 2017, 5:00 PM – 7:00 PM GMT
This launch event will feature key note speakers from business, health and environment sectors, facilitating discussions and a range of networking opportunities. It hopes to enable the North East regions people and environment to become healthier and wealthier in the coming decades.
Guest speaker: Paul Brannen, who is a North East Member of the European Parliament & Environment Committee. He will be giving an insider’s perspective on the challenges and opportunities of leaving the EU.
Date and time: Tue 28 February 2017, 09:45 – 15:00
Cost: Free (Though The Capability Foundation accept donations for support as well).
The aim of this event is to bring together for the first time the many different players involved in net impact approaches to explore the synergies and methodologies, and investigate how efforts can be scaled up. By net impact we mean evaluating the positive and negative effects of business in relation to sustainability. This includes amongst other things: Net Positive/Net Gain, No Net Loss / Net zero, Integrated Profit & Loss Accounts / Total Contribution, Environmental & Social Profit & Loss Accounts, Creating Shared Value, Impact Investing and Integrated Reporting.
Date and time: Wed 24 May 2017, 09:00 – 17:30.
Cost: £270 – £438
We see a lot of visitors to our site who are curious about measuring the impact of their, or their organisations, impact on the planet through their carbon footprint. Some of these visitors, though, aren’t necessarily aware of a lot of the technical terminology behind what we do. So we set out to define six of the most-used terms associated with measuring one’s carbon footprint. Hopefully, it helps to inform some of our visitors as to what it’s all about.
Benchmarking is comparing one’s performance with a standard point of reference for measurement. The resulting benchmark then represented a defined level of performance which can be used as a reference for comparison. Benchmarks can be based on averages – or percentiles – of real performance, and is often based on policy-driven objectives such as ‘net zero carbon’ (the idea of reducing one’s carbon footprint to a cumulative zero.
A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to support human activities, both directly and indirectly. It can be attributed to an individual, organisation, country, etc. and is usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). Activities like driving, heating, and food production have associated CO2 emissions. The carbon footprint is then the sum of all of these emissions that were induced by activities within a given timeframe (usually a year).
A carbon target is a defined value used as a quantitative goal for a company’s carbon footprint or net carbon emissions (footprint minus any carbon offset activities) to meet within a given timeframe. These targets can be absolute, or based on a comparison with industry averages.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Emissions are gases and other particles that are released into the atmosphere as a result of burning fuels and other processes. Generally, these emissions are most likely to come from cars, power generation and industrial processes. A greenhouse gas, then, is a classification of gases that, when released into the atmosphere, are capable of absorbing infra-red radiation. Consequently, this process will trap and hold heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. This is called the greenhouse effect, and ultimately is what leads to global warming. Greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). So a greenhouse gas emission is when a greenhouse gas is released into the atmosphere.
To learn about the different classifications of greenhouse gas emissions, check out our article on classifying emissions here.
Greenhouse Gas Protocol
The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol is a global standard, developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI), that informs companies and organisations on how to measure, manage and report greenhouse gas emissions.
Sustainability is a difficult term to define, as many view it in different ways. Essentially, it can be defined as it was at the world’s first Earth Summit in 1992 – maintaining operations and development that “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
If you have any questions about Carbon Benchmarking, or would like to speak to us about your organisation’s carbon emissions, get in touch via our contacts page.
Sustainability is all over the media and is attracting the attention of governments, businesses and consumers alike. The planet has, as a whole, made steps towards becoming more sustainable, with the ratification of the Paris Agreement and other global agreements striving to take action. It has now got to the point where businesses cannot actively avoid having a stance on sustainability and will need to invest in it to keep their heads above the water.
With technology really making its way into everything (IoT – Internet of Things), we can expect to see an increasing number of gadgets that will help monitor and keep track of different measures of sustainability and help us achieve our targets. Take a look at Google’s Nest thermostat, for example, which will allow consumers greater control over the temperature in their homes and can keep temperatures in check even when away from home, resulting in savings of 10-12% on heating and 15% on cooling (link).
The IoT will also pave the way for perhaps the biggest player of all – big data. Big data, the term for data sets so large that traditional processing techniques are rendered inadequate, allows for Big Data Analytics, the method of examining the data to uncover hidden patterns and correlations in the data, including market trends customer trends and other information. Economics aside, Big Data Analytics will pave the way for better logistics, resulting in CO2 offsets and other benefits. UPS, the global delivery company, recently revealed they had used uncovered data to minimise and often eliminate left-hand turns, resulting in millions of gallons of fuel saved and fewer accidents. It may seem counter-intuitive, but that’s the beauty of big data!
Aside from the goodwill factor of sustainability, it makes your company look good. Look at the global market leaders in their fields – Google, Amazon and Ikea have announced huge plans regarding sustainability as they plan into the future zgthxp3. Google, the largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy, is the leader in the clean energy revolution. This year, 2017, Google will reach 100% renewable across the globe, in both its data centres and offices, sourcing 2.6 gigawatts of energy from wind and solar. Ikea have pledged to be completely energy independent in all its shops by 2020, investing over $680 million over the next few years to do so. Not only will this reduce their carbon footprint, but will take a significant portion of their energy bill away, resulting in significant financial savings in the long run.
Workplaces will also adapt to sustainability. Flexible hours and schedules that allow for workers to come into work earlier or later than usual will reduce congestion and slice emissions while working from home can negate transport emissions. Workplaces are being fitted with sustainable designs, which encourage productivity and employee wellbeing while having a positive environmental impact. Using energy saving windows can yield huge savings, as well as using an intelligent design for the construction and fitting of the building. These are all being fitted into new builds around the world, but it is up to you as a business to take the extra step forward to reduce your environmental impact.
Being sustainable in business is no longer an option – it’s something that simply can’t be turned down any longer. Governments are making a push for sustainability more than ever before and businesses are following suit. It makes financial to do so, as the efforts are minimal and can yield big financial savings and reductions in CO2 emissions. As the Harvard Business Review suggested, companies that invest in sustainability tend to do better financially and are more likely to display higher levels of innovation and entrepreneurship.
Solar Plant: https://www.flickr.com/photos/103707855@N05/16487460430/in/photolist-gwmAC2-g1EDcJ-gwmN7H-foXJ3P-5bSYyi-f4539G-r7Wxz9-rnd439-9EUwt7-fzQ1XH-5bXfXo-5bXfQQ-5bSYrz-6fAKEp-5bSYw4-5bSYwV-5bSYzX-5bSYt8-twZX2-fpcZFA-dUP6rs-9KE4RW/
It’s that time of the year again. A new year, a new you, or at least a new company energy efficiency policy. With the new American administration coming in on the 20th of January, and the most likely eminent likely dissolution of the U.S Environmental Protection Agency, we all need to do our bit to lower carbon emissions and save those cute polar bears from, well, the ice melting from beneath their feet, and them subsequently going extinct. Oh yeah, it can also save us all some money too!
Tip 1# Office equipment: Yes, it’s as exciting as it sounds
- This is the easiest tip in theory and the hardest in practice. It’s as simple as only switching on what you need, and enabling energy saving features on all equipment that boost them. By turning off computer monitors when you leave, you can save £37 per year per 17” monitor (screen savers rarely save energy). (Source: Practical energy efficiency advice for businesses, smart power: npower)
- A photocopy machine is a key money grabbing utensil when left ignored. You could be wasting £194 a year, simply by leaving a photocopier on at all times. By keeping it outside of air conditioned spaces, you could save £200 per year in warming up costs. Simply by photocopying in batches, you could save £190 per year, as they need to warm up enough in order to work. (Source: Practical energy efficiency advice for businesses, smart power: npower)
Tip 2# Buildings and heating
- Now the first one here is the most obvious; if you’re not using a room, turn the heaters off. Then all you have to do is close doors between heated and unheated areas, and you’re saving £40-80 on a £800 heating bill.
- In the summer, either keep the air-conditioning off or close the windows. Leaving the windows open allows warmer air into the room, in which the air-con is valiantly trying to keep the room cool. This will put unnecessary stress on the air-con, and actively have the opposite effect on cooling the room down.
- For every 1˚C of extra heat, your heating bill increases by around 8%. For offices 20ºC for is an acceptable temperature.
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Tip 3# And the Lord said “let there be a little less light”
- Check lighting levels, as you may have more light than you need. Removing an unnecessary 100-watt incandescent bulb could save about £20 a year. Even turning off unnecessary lights could save you running costs of £23 per year for a 58-watt fluorescent fitting. (Source: Practical energy efficiency advice for businesses, smart power: npower)
- Standard incandescent lamps are inefficient, generating 10%light and 90% heat. Swapping a 20-watt low-energy lamp in place of a 100-watt incandescent lamp could save you around £16 a year, per bulb.
Tip 4# Think before you print
- This is one of those that is actually quite well known, but little thought of rule. Do you really need to print a one lined email? You can save paper, toner/ink and energy by not printing emails and documents that aren’t strictly necessary. The energy alone could be worth around £6 or more per year, per printer.
- Printing on both sides, whenever possible, can save up to 40% of printing costs. That’s if you always print one-sided at least.
- In an ever advancing technological age, there are more ways than ever to save paper. Use online questionnaire forms, share documents via google sheets, use better, more organised information systems, so people can easily find the documents they are looking for.
- Remember not all inks are created equal. In an infographic created by Pixartprinting , it shows that Garamond and Times New Roman are the most efficient fonts. Comic Sans and Helvetica are the least — they use almost 1/3 more ink to print. There are even new Eco fonts available now, for example, Ryman Stationery, an office supply chain store in the UK, has created what they call “the world’s most beautiful sustainable font.” Ryman Eco is a free font that uses 33% less ink than standard fonts and looks gorgeous doing it. (Source: http://www.companyfolders.com/blog/5-ink-saving-eco-fonts)
Tip 5# The future could be in microgeneration
- Businesses are now being encouraged by the UK government to invest in small-scale electricity generation – from mini wind turbines and solar panels to tapping energy from on-site hydro sources and installing anaerobic digestion units.
- The Feed-in Tariff (FIT) scheme became effective on 1 April 2010. FIT is a ‘clean energy cash-back’ scheme designed to incentivise businesses and households to invest in small-scale renewable technologies in return for guaranteed payments.
- Plummeting solar costs mean that solar panels are still cost effective and will deliver earnings and savings of around £8,080 over 20 years on average. From 2016, typical return on investment for solar panels is a healthy 4.8% over 20 years. They make the money back from installation costs in energy savings after 6-9 years (which in Northern England is leaning more towards the 9).
When you have a bit of downtime, want some light bedtime reading, or you have 10 minutes to kill on a toilet break, here’s a complete guide from npower on how to save both the money in your pocket and Gaia as a whole:
For a modern business, one of the most important metrics to keep an eye on is how their work is affecting the environment. Not only is it a common request from stakeholders, but, generally, improving environmental performance can also provide benefits to the bottom line – and perhaps even provide a booster sales point for the marketing department. Quite simply; reducing emissions reduces cost. One of the most important factors to consider is the question of greenhouse gas emissions, which are usually categorised into scopes – 1, 2, and 3 tamiflu generic. These categories were proposed by a group called the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and help to prevent “double-counting” of emissions in company reporting. The scope of an emission communicates how directly related to an organisation that emission is. More specifically:
Scope 1 Emissions, also known as “direct greenhouse gas emissions”, are defined as ‘emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the organisation’. These include fossil fuels combusted for heating and other industrial uses.
Scope 2 Emissions are also referred to as “energy indirect greenhouse gas emissions”. These are ‘emissions from the consumption of purchased electricity, steam, or other sources of energy generated upstream from the organisation’. These could also include the emissions needed for chilled water, for example.
Scope 3 Emissions, known more generally as “other indirect greenhouse gas emissions”, include those emissions that are ‘a consequence of the operations of an organisation, but are not directly owned or controlled by the organisation’. Examples of scope 3 emissions include employee travel and commuting, as well as production of purchased goods and third-party distribution.
There are many benefits to monitoring these emissions for companies. Keeping track of scope 1 emissions can provide more information into exactly how much impact that direct operations are having on the environment. An outlier value within this category can identify where operations can be mitigated and improved in terms of their environmental impact, which can also help to reduce direct costs. Scope 2 emissions are a little harder to see as directly having an impact, but a reported high output of these emissions can be a motivator for programmes for reducing energy consumption in the workplace, giving another cost saving. However, a majority of a company’s greenhouse gas emissions lie outside their own operations, and so are classified as scope 3 emissions. By monitoring these, organisations can:
- Identify emission hotspots and resource risks in their wider operations;
- Engage suppliers who are lagging behind in sustainability and help them to implement initiatives;
- Improve the energy efficiency of their products;
- Engage with employees to motivate initiatives to reduce emissions from commuting and travel.
Within the UK, quoted companies are required to report their annual emissions in their directors’ report. By measuring and reporting emissions, companies can lay the groundwork for setting targets and creating carbon management initiatives for future reduction of emissions. It has been estimated that this mandatory reporting will help to reduce CO2 emissions by four million tonnes by 2021. However, even for smaller businesses there are clear benefits to calculating and analysing emissions, not just for the environment, but for the bottom line as well.